英文簡單學 – 被動式 (下)|EF ENGLISH LIVE部落格

被動式

被動式除了各種時態的表達之外,還與助動詞、不定詞、動名詞聯用,我們現在就來看看 :

母語外師24小時線上陪你練英文!填表預約試聽,進一步了解自己的英文程度!現在就來體驗線上開口說!

與情態助動詞聯用 should/can/may/might/must/ought to/had better

A. 現在式 –(情態助動詞 + be + 過去分詞)

  • Children should be taught to respect their elders.

    兒童應該要被教導去尊重長輩

  • The music at the party is very loud and can be heard from far away.

    派對裡的音樂非常吵,從很遠的地方就可以被聽到

  • Good news, Chris may be offered a job soon. He had an interview at a law firm yesterday.

    好消息,Chris可能很快就會被給予一個工作了,他昨天去了一家律師事務所面試。

  • Jerry might be promoted next year.

    Jerry明年可能會被升遷

  • The environment must be protected from pollution.

    環境務必要受保護免於污染

  • The books ought to be returned to the library tomorrow.

    這些書明天應該被歸還給圖書館。

  • Eddie, your chores had better be finished by the time your mother gets home.

    Eddie, 你要做的家事最好在你媽媽回家前被完成哦

B. 過去式 –(情態助動詞 + have been + 過去分詞)

  • Jim should have been told the news a long time ago.

    Jim很早以前就該被告知這個消息了。

  • The church must have been built over 300 years ago.

    這教堂一定是在超過300年前被建造的

  • James ought to have been invited to the farewell party.

    James 當時應該要被邀請參加惜別會。

與不定詞聯用 :

A. 現在式: to + be + 過去分詞

  • It’s easy to be fooled by her lies.

    很容易她的謊言所愚弄

  • Rosa expects to be invited to the party.

    Rosa 期望被邀請參加派對。

  • The living room needs to be painted.

    這客廳需要被粉刷

  • Tim hopes to be awarded a scholarship for the coming semester.

    Tim 希望將到來的學期可以被授予獎學金。

B. 過去式 : to have been + 過去分詞

  • Kathy is fortunate to have been given a scholarship.

    Kathy 很幸運,之前被授予了一個獎學金。

  • We expected the work to have been completed yesterday, but it wasn’t.

    我們當時預期這個工作在昨天就會被完成,但並沒有。

與動名詞聯用 :

A. 現在式: being + 過去分詞

  • The children are excited about being taken to the zoo.

    小朋友們很興奮被帶去動物園玩。

  • Most film stars hate being interviewed.

    大多數的電影明星不喜歡被訪問

B. 過去式: having been + 過去分詞

  • I appreciate having been told the news.

    我很感謝之前被告知了這個消息。

  • Mr. Freeman mentioned having been injured in a car accident, but he didn’t tell us the details.

    Freeman先生之前提及在車禍中受傷了,但他當時並沒有告訴我們細節。

 

如果這一章節對你來說仍有些困難,何不先去閱讀先前的文章「英文簡單學 – 被動式 (上)」和「英文簡單學 – 被動式 (中)」,把英文被動式的文法基礎打好,保證能增加你使用英文句子的豐富度喔!

 

welcom to EF English Live

 

被動式

相關文章