英文簡單學 – 被動式 (中)｜EF ENGLISH LIVE部落格
如同在被動式 (上) 所提到的，在英文被動語態中不但要轉換動詞的形式，還要注意視說話語意的時間點變換時態。以下就是被動式常用的不同時態表達方式 :
被動式的基本形式：be 動詞 + P.P.（動詞過去分詞）
現在式：am / is / are + P.P.
The house is cleaned every day.
Taipei 101 is visited by hundreds of people every day.
Many accidents are caused by dangerous driving.
過去式：was / were + P.P.
The house was cleaned yesterday.
The church was built in 1885.
We were all woken up by a loud explosion during the night.
未來式：will + be + P.P. & be + going to + be + P.P.
The house will be cleaned next week.
The house is going to be cleaned next week.
The new hotel will be opened next year.
The new hotel is going to be opened next year.
The new highway will be completed in three months.
The new highway is going to be completed in three months.
現在進行式：am / is / are + being + P.P.
The house is being cleaned at the moment.
The rooms are being painted right now.
A new shopping center downtown is being built.
過去進行式：was / were + being + P.P.
The house was being cleaned yesterday afternoon.
Suddenly I heard footsteps behind me. I was being followed.
The farmer’s wagon was being pulled by two horses.
現在完成式：have / has + been + P.P.
The house has been cleaned since they left.
We have been invited to dinner by Mr. and Mrs. Johnson.
Have you ever been bitten by a dog?
過去完成式：had + been + P.P.
The house had been cleaned before they arrived.
The mail had been delivered by the time I left for work this morning.
James didn’t know about the change of plans. He hadn’t been told.
當時 James 不知道計畫改變了，他沒有被告知。
未來完成式：will + have + been + P.P.
The house will have been cleaned by next week.
The project will have been completed by the end of the week.
The door will have been opened before you arrive tomorrow.