It’s every English student’s dream. Being able to speak and sound like a native speaker. If you would like to learn more, read on!
A new way of learning English called the Lexical Approach has been helping students to speak more like real native English speakers do. Let’s see how it works!
When you are speaking or writing in English, being grammatically correct is great. But, if a native speaker would never say or write a sentence, then it will sound strange to them. So, what’s the answer? First, we should learn to use set phrases and collocations like native speakers do. Let’s look at an example now.
The following text is from the first paragraph above. Take a close look at the items in brackets.
[It’s every] English student’s [dream]. [Being able to speak] and [sound like a] native speaker. [If you would like to] learn more, [read on!]
Did you spot it?
1. [It’s every] ……………. [dream].
2. [Being able to speak….]
3. [sound like a…]
4. [If you would like to……..]
5. [read on!]
Numbers 1-4 are lexical chunks, these are three or four words which native speakers often use together in conversation and writing. Number 5 is a collocation – two words which are often used together. Let’s look at how to use them.
We can fill the ‘slot’ with many different nouns here to create many sentences. We only need to remember the chunk – it’s every ’s dream. Using chunks helps us to sound more like native speakers.
Let’s look at the others now. Can you think of words which will fit in the slots?
You could say:
- Being able to speak:
So using the name of a language or an adverb (a word that shows how we do something e.g. clearly, loudly etc.).
How about the others?
- Sound like a _________.
- If you would like to _______.
- learn more
- have dinner at the Ritz hotel
- play golf
Number 5 – read on – is a collocation and you can use it on its own!
So, read on!
Now, we will look at how to use this with more advanced English.
The phrases below in bold use ‘care’ in lexical chunks. If they are new to you, look up the meanings.
- My car is well cared for.
- I’ve known him longer than I care to remember.
- I haven’t got a care in the world.
- Care to …? (e.g. dance, play golf)?
- I couldn’t care less about (e.g. him, you, the class).
Now, make sentences with the words in bold using information that is true for you.
My is well cared for.
I’ve known longer than I care to remember.
haven’t got a care in the world.
Care to ?
I couldn’t care less about .
By using these chunks, you now sound much more like a native speaker!
Try this out when you next learn English online and speak English in one of our lessons!