‘Much’ and ‘many’ are two words a lot of my students mix up and confuse regularly. To help you with your English learning, let’s take a look at how to use each word.
‘Much’ is used when we are speaking about a singular noun.
‘Many’ is used when we are speaking about a plural noun.
When we speak about ‘many’ and ‘much’, it’s worth mentioning countable and uncountable nouns. Countable nouns can be used with a number and have singular and plural forms. Uncountable nouns can only be used in singular and cannot be used with a number.
“How much money do you have?”
“How many friends do you have?”
Wait a second! I know what you’re thinking. We can count money, right? Yes, you’re correct, however we must use the precise currency (dollars, pesos, euros) to use the word ‘many’. We wouldn’t say: “I have 100 money”. We would say: “I have 100 pesos.” Or “How many dollars do you have?”
‘Much’ and ‘many’ are often used with questions and negative clauses.
“I don’t have many friends.”
“How much money did you spend last night?”
With positive clauses they are used with the words: ‘so’, ‘as’, or ‘too’.
“I have so much homework tonight!”
“She has as many shoes as I do.”
“John worries too much.”
OK, time to practice!
1. How _____ euros do you have on you?
2. How ____ was the car?
3. He has too _____ problems.
4. She is in so _____ trouble.5. They have been to _____ concerts.
Answers: many, much, many, much, many.